Ross Beattie's CROSS, HOBSON and JACKSON Genealogy Page
possibly connecting to FALLOWFIELD and BOLDERO names
[please contact Ross Beattie for further details of this lineage, especially for details regarding more recent generations]
This Page was Last Updated on
17 January 2016

Early Generations (2)
    1             Francis Hobson (c1711…1767) m. Elizabeth — (1715…1759)
    1.1          ♦ John Hobson (c1737…1803) m. Mary Wardill (1739-46…1820)
    1.1.1        Ann Hobson (1766…) m. William Cross (c1762…1805-6)
    1.1.2          John Hobson (1776…1817-23) m. Jane Wilkinson (…c1828)

    2              Ralph Jackson (c1753…) m. Jane — [perhaps née Fallowfield] (…)

    3.            ♦ William Cross (c1762…1805-6) m. Ann Hobson (1766…)
    3.1          Robert Cross (c1784…1864) m. Jane Jackson (1786…1840)
                            possibly connecting to Hobson and Fallowfield and Boldero
                           Robert Cross' other Marriages and Dalliances in Australia
Robert Cross and Phillis Gordon
                                Robert Cross and Catharine Thompson
                                Robert Cross and Mary White
                                Robert Cross and Mary Jane Adamson
                            Jane Cross' Relationship with John Horsley
    3.1.1          William Cross (1806-7…1863) m1. Mary Ann Ratcliffe (c1819…1850), ?m2. Margaret Hanna       Jane Ellen Cross (1838…)       Mary Elizar Cross (1840…) m. David Morgan Jones (…?1912)       Ann Marie Cross (1843…1912) m. Alexander Matheson (1837…1883)    Annabella Mary Jane Matheson (1870…1956) m. Frederick John Herald Cross (1…1953)
3.1.2          Ralph Jackson Cross (1808/10…1888) m. Mary Ellen Skinn (1819…1918)       Jane Cross (1838…1929) m. Joseph Allan (…1908?)       Ralph Jackson Cross (1841…1923) m. Elizabeth Margieson (1853…1932)    Isabella Cross (1880…1960) m. Benjamin Joseph Roberts (…1939)    Albert Allen Cross (1893…1979) m. Ouida Idalia Cooke (1913…)       William Cross (1849…1939) m. Sarah Elizabeth Colless (…)    Roy Macquarie Cross (1893…1959) m. Amy Elizabeth Jones (…)
3.1.3        Jane Cross (1809…1893) m1. Jeremiah Kay (1795…1840), m2. Thomas Millington (1807…1856-9),
                        m3. William Price (1822…)
                             Jane Kay née Cross and Thomas Millington
                             Jane Millington née Cross (m1. Kay) and William Price       Mary Jane Millington (1842…1931) m. William Thomas Hinton (1842… 1902)    Bertie George Hinton (c1881…c1941) m. Emily Elizabeth Patterson (… 1960)
Possibly Related Lineages
Related Families from the same areas
Other (probably unrelated) Cross or Jackson Lineages


The Cross and Jackson families traced herein lived generally in the East Riding, Yorkshire, England (ERY) about 1800; Robert Cross (born 1776-86) was transported to New South Wales, Australia, in 1814, his wife Jane and their three children arriving the following day as free emigrants.

Note: This data was extensively reviewed and revised in April 2011, incorporating some detail from Robyn Bray's The Three of Us WebSite.The East Riding Yorkshire data herein is based significantly on the research of Marie Tattam of Moree NSW [to whom many thaks] augmented by other especially on-line sources.

Early Generations

1 Francis Hobson (c1711…1767) m. Elizabeth — (1715…1759)

Francis Hobson, a blacksmith at Sproatley [in Yorkshire's East Riding [ERY]] at least between 1761 and 1763, was the father of:
Sproatley is 6¾ miles [10¾ km] north-north-east of Hull [a.k.a. Kingston-Upon-Hull].

The on-line IGI has Francis born circa 1711 at Sproatley, marrying Elizabeth about 1736 at Sproatley, and dying on 17 December 1767, with Elizabeth's death on 18 June 1759.

Probably siblings of Francis, William Hobson married Susanna Carrick at Sproatley on 19 February 1739, Easter Hobson [born about 1719] married Francis Coocke on 27 December 1740 at Sproatley and Elizabeth Hopson married John Harrison on 9 March 1741 at Humbleton, 2km east of Sproatley.

An early Hobson reference in the Parish of Sproatley was of the assignment of three oxgangs apparently to William Sleed and Robert Hobson in 1587 [an oxgang was an uncertain quantity of land, but, according to some opinions, it contains fifteen acres].

1.1 John Hobson (c1737…1803) m. Mary Wardill (1739-46…1820)

The marriage of John Hobson and Mary Wardill was celerated at Sproatley, East Riding Yorkshire, on 4 May 1762. John, had been baptised at Sproatley on 13 February 1737, the son of FRANCIS HOBSON. John was the father of:
John Hobson, born circa 1737, a blacksmith, died 10 June 1803, aged 65 years. Mary, John's widow, died 3 September 1820, aged 74 (implying born c1746) [according to parish registers] or 9 September 1820, aged 81 (implying born I1739) [according to monumental inscriptions].

John [the son of John and Mary] Hobson's 1796 marriage was the last Hobson marriage in the Sprotley registers of 1720-1846. There is a headstone at Sproatley for John Hobson, 1775-1823, died aged 48 years: he was the Master of the Free School and left a widow Jane

A Michael Hobson married Mary Brankley at Humbleton on 24 December 1789..

A Mary Jane Hobson was baptised to John Hobson and Rosanna at Sproatley on 25 May 1829.

1.1.1   Ann Hobson (1766…) m. William Cross (c1762…1805-6)

Ann Hobson, daughter of JOHN HOBSON and MARY WARDILL, was baptised 12 May 1766 at Sproatley. Ann married William Cross at Sproatley on 11 August 1784. It seems William was born about 1762 and he and Ann were the parents of at least four children. For further details of this family, refer below.

1.1.2.  John Hobson (1776…1817-23) m. Jane Wilkinson (…c1828)

John Hobson, son of JOHN HOBSON and MARY WARDILL, was baptised 5 May 1776 at Sproatley. John seems to have married Jane Wilkinson on 20 April 1796 at Sproatley. There are no obvious baptisms of children to John and Jane and it appears they were childless.Baines's Directory of 1823 for Sproatley listing "professions and trades" notes: Grocers - Hobson John, Williamson John; Miscellany of trades: Hobson John, schoolmaster

John Hobson, schoolmaster of 28 years standing, of Sproatley, died about 1823.

Various items indexed in the National Archives give leads to the Hobson family in Sproatley: the dates noted [in the subsequent three paragraphs] are not specifically assigned to a particular action related to the item].
* A Mortgage by Surrender and Admission for £40, George Russell bricklayer to John Hobson schoolmaster both of Sproatley property: 2 cottages on parcel, was made about 30 March 1821.
* John's Will dated 5 May 1817 was granted probate on 3 October 1823, bequeathing all to his wife Jane. A Surrender and Admission for £8 was made about 13 October 1824: Laban Hobson of Westhill and Jane Hobson (eldest brother and widow of John), Jane Harper, William Barker and Peter Braithwaite to George Russell property: 72 sq.yds. on E. of road to Thirtleby.
* Jane is thought to have died circa 1828. The will of Jane Jane Hobson of Sproatley grocer and tea dealer left bequests to brothers James and Thomas Wilkinson; nephews and nieces Hannah, John, William and James Wilkinson, Francis Hobson, Sarah Leonard and Elizabeth Acklam; probate was granted on 6 April 1829. Sir T.A.C. Constable seems to have given notice "to Thomas Wilkinson as exor. of Jane Hobson relating to [...] to quit property in Sproatley".

2    Ralph Jackson (c1753…) m. Jane — [perhaps née Fallowfield] (…)

Ralph Jackson was possibly baptised at Preston-by-Hedon in the Yorkshire's East Riding for WILLIAM JACKSON on 5 March 1753.

A Ralph Jackson married Jane Fallowfield in the parish of St John and St Martin's, Beverley, on 14 April 1776 [note: in that parish about that time there were several baptisms where the parent was noted singularly as Jane or Ralph]. A Richard Jackson married Elizabeth Caukwell at Humbleton on 22 November 1787; a John Jackson married Martha Northgraves at Humbleton on 24 January 1791; a James Jackson married Elizabeth Hull at Humbleton on 26 November 1793; a Mary Jackson married Robert Williison at Humbleton on 14 December 1797; a Thomas Jackson married Elizabeth Jewson at Humbleton on 4 May 1801; a Thomas Jackson married Sarah Hayes at Humbleton on 13 April 1818; a Mary Jackson married Thomas Wilcox at Humbleton on 27 November 1820.

Ralph Jackson and his wife Jane (perhaps née Fallowfield) were the parents of:

A William Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 5 April 1786, a Thomas Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 10 January 1802; a William Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 7 July 1802; a Ralph Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 23 April 1804; a Robert Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 17 May 1811; a James Jackson was buried at Humbleton on 5 May 1807.

3   William Cross (c1762…1805-6) m. Ann Hobson (1766…)

William Cross, aged 22, of Sproatley ery, married Ann Hobson, daughter of JOHN HOBSON and MARY WARDILL, at Sproatley on 11 August 1784, with the consent of her father. William, aged 22, a cordwainer [shoemaker/cobbler who makes fine soft leather shoes and other luxury footwear articles] was a co-bondsman for £200 for his marriage [this does not imply he paid any money].

It seems William was born about 1762. An earlier baptism at Sproatley was that about 25 January 1732 of William Cross, the son of Robert. Marie Tattam [pers comm., 25 May 2011] reported observing a headstone at Sproatley of Catherine Cross who died in 1777 aged 70 years, relict of a Robert Cross: this couple could be speculated to be the parents of William baptised circa 1732 and grandparents of William born circa 1762.

Ann had been baptised 12 May 1766 at Sproatley.

William and Ann were the parents of at least four children:

William Cross, cordwainer, prepared his last Will and Testament on 1 July 1805, with his daughter Hannah the beneficiary of specified items and his widow Ann and son Robert, joint Executors sharing the residue and called to do their duty on 23 September 1806.

3.1  Robert Cross (c1784…1864) m. Jane Jackson (1786…1840)

Robert Cross was born c1776-86 in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Robert was stated to be 28 years old in 1814 [Convict Indents], 41 in 1828 [NSW Census], 47 years old in May 1833 [at his second marriage], 66 years in May 1850 [NSW court case] and 87 years 10 months in September 1864 [on his death certificate], implying born 1786, 1787, 1786, 1784 and 1776 respectively.

The 1833 marriage certificate could place Robert as the child of WILLIAM CROSS and ANN HOBSON of Sproatley, who had married by licence on 11 August 1784, aged 22 and 17 respectively, with Sproatley-born Robert baptised about 23 November 1784. The 1814 Convict Indents, 1828 census and 1850 court case broadly concur.

Robert's 1864 death certificate noted his parents as Mary and shoemaker William Cross and Robyn Bray's WebSite has him born at Kingston-upon-Hull ["Hull"] in 1776 [were the age and mother's name errors? — ed.].

obert married Jane Jackson in August 1806 at Humbleton, a village east of Hull in Yorkshire’s East Riding. Jane, the daughter of RALPH and JANE JACKSON (perhaps née FALLOWFIELD), had been baptised at Humbleton in June 1786. Note that Jane's age was stated as 24 at the Yorkshire Summer Azzises in 1813.

Jane’s parents may have been Ralph Jackson, 30, and JANE FALLOWFIELD, 20, married at Beverley (St John) [bond date 13 April 1776], both of that parish. [Source: Newsome, E.B. (comp), An Index to the Archbishop of York’s Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1765-1779; Borthwick Lists and Indexes 10, 1993 [SAG]]. Beverley lies about 12 miles NW from Humbleton. Bartholomew’s Gazetteer (1970) has:
Beverley, mun. bor., par., and mkt-town, with ry. sta., L.N.E.E.R. Yorks., 8½¼ m. NNW. of Hull, 33¾ m. ESE of York by rail; 2404 ac., pop. 14,140; P.O. T.O. It is connected with r. Hull by a canal. The collegiate church of St John, or B. Minster, (13th century), is one of the finest Gothic structures in the kingdom, and contains the Percy shrine. B. Hall is a seat.

The Bonds and Allegations 1750-1764 have a bond dated 19 November 1751 at Ackworth ERY between JOHN FALLOWFIELD, 21, of Hull, and ELIZABETH BOLDERO, 21, of Stapleton [there was a Stapleton parish in NRY on the River Tees, 2 miles SW of Darlington, and another in WRY, 3 miles SE of Pontefract]. Amongst the many Jackson entries was one of Ralph Jackson, 23, of Beverley and Eleanor Jackson, 21, of Hull, bonded at Holy Trinity Hull on 16 April 1762.

The Bonds and Allegations 1735-1749 have bonds dated 26 January 1737 at Beverley (St Mary) ERY between Francis Fallowfield, 27, and Elizabeth Sherwood, both of Pocklington [a market town on the L.N.E., ERY, 7 miles NW of Market Weighton and 16 miles SE of York by rail], and also of William Fallowfield, 28, and Anne Watson, 22, both of Holme/Spalding, bonded on 8 December 1737 (location not given).

The children of Robert and Jane Cross were:
A William and Elizabeth Cross had their child John christened at Drypool on 13 Decmber 1805.

In 1813, pending trial on charges of burglary, Robert Cross was imprisoned in York Castle. Jane attempted to assist his escape, the Crown Calendar for the Yorkshire Summer Azzizes 1813 listing the following:
"No.15 Jane Cross (24) wife of Robert – 4th May... brought into the said Castle, a certain instrument called a saw, for the cutting of iron and with having delivered the said saw to her husband, to assist him in making his escape out of the said Castle …"

The York Herald on 7 August 1813 chronicled Robert’s crime as follows:
ROBERT CROSS, GEORGE SEWELL and ROBERT TAYLOR were charged with burglariously entering the dwelling-house of Mr. Birtwhistle, of Howden, and stealing therefrom about 40l. in gold, 17l. in silver, several watches, gold rings, some trinkets and two hams. SARAH TAYLOR was charged with being an accessory before and after the crime.
Counsel for the Crown, Mr. STEES, and Mr. Hullock.
The circumstances of this case were very singular, it appeared in evidence, that Wm. Platt, who was admitted evidence on behalf of the crown, Robert Cross, George Sewell and Robert Taylor, met at the house of the celebrated Snowden Dunhill, on Tuesday night, April 6, where the plan of the robbery was arranged.Sarah Taylor, a young woman, sister of Robert Taylor, blacked the faces of George Sewell and Robert Taylor, and helped to equip them for the expidition. About 12 o'clock they left Snowden Dunhill's, and arrived at Mr. Birtwhistle's house, at Howden, about one o'clock; when they arrived, they effected an entrance by taking out a window of the dairy.—– William Platt was left below, and the other three proceeded up stairs to the bed-chamber of Mr. Birtwhistle, one of whom stood at his bed-side and demanded his money; he replied, he had none; but the same person insisted that he had Two Hundred Pounds and upwards. They then proceeded to ransack the house, and found in the closet in the lodging-room of Mr. Birtwhistle, about 37 guineas in gold, a 7s. piece, and 17l. in silver; they also took away with them several watches, gold rings, some trinkets and two hams. They remained in the house about half an hour, and returned again to Snowden Dunhill's about three o'clock in the morning. Sarah Taylor washed their faces, and cut them some rashers from the hams they had brought, which she prepared for them; they then gave her a 7s. piece and some silver. One of the Prisoners (Robert Cross) was apprehended on the Hull Coach, and the other two at the house of Snowden Dunhill. Part of the Property was found on each of the Prisoners. —These facts being clearly made out in evidence, the Jury retired for a few minutes, and found all the Prisoners –GUILTY."

The Judge, speaking to eight prisoners arraigned before him, intoned with thunderous, righteous wrath:
"Prisoners! you have been severally convicted, by Juries of your country, on clear and satisfactory evidence, of crimes which subject you to the punishment of death. It is a lamentable sight to see so many stand at the Bar, to receive the last awful sentence of the law, and still more lamentable, because most of you were well able, by the exertion of your bodily powers, to have maintained yourselves to honest industry.
George Sewell, Robert Cross and Robert Taylor, the crime of which you have been convicted is that of Burglary, that is of breaking into a dwelling-house, in the night, for the purpose of plunder: it is necessary for the protection of mankind, that that season, which nature claims for repose should be secured by the strongest sanctions of the law from the attacks of daring violence: that of which you have been convicted, was of a most atrocious and daring nature — You, accompanied by another person, who (Fortunately for the purposes of public justice) has given evidence against you, went, with your faces blacked and your persons otherwise disguised, to the house of Mr. Birtwhistle; after breaking into the house, you went into the bed-room of Mr. Birtwhistle, whom you compelled by intimidation, to lie still in bed, and forced his servant to lie down by the side of her master, until you executed your scheme of plunder; After remaining half an hour, you departed with gold and silver watches and rings to a considerable amount, after keeping the family, during this period, in a state of most dreadful alarm, which spoil you afterwards divided at the house whence you set out on this lawless enterprise. Such a daring gang of offenders are seldom heard of; and it is necessary, for the purposes of public justice, that you should suffer the sentence of the law; you, therefore, can have no well-grounded hope of any mercy being extended towards you."

Following this address were many illegible words concluding with
"… hanged by the neck until you are dead, and may [the] Lord have mercy on your souls".
                 [per Sandra Nixon, "George the Convict", The 1788-1820 Gazette pp2-4, Jan-Feb. 1986]

The York Herald of 31 July, 8 and 10 August 1813 also notes of George Sewell that he was a blacksmith 29 years old living at Beverley YKS when arrested. Perhaps his only crime, George was eventually sent to Australia for seven years, arriving on 16 October 1814 aboard the 450 ton Somersetshire, built in the Thames in 1810. The transport commanded by Alexander Scott brought 200 male convicts, of whom one died en route. [A funeral for a George Sewell, aged 55 years, was conducted at S James’ Church of England, Sydney, in 1837 ].

Snowden Dunhill and associates were described in 1864 as "… that notorious highway man … and his gang of thieves, were the terror of the district. The daring and extensive depredations of these vagabonds were astonishing, who invested their chief with a mysterious and unenviable fame …". Robert Taylor was a son of Mrs. Dunhill to a former husband. One hundred years later he was summed as a petty thief, "a poor imitation of Dick Turpin". Many members of the Dunhill/Dunning family were to appear before the courts and several were sentenced to penal servitude in the colonies [The Bunyan Tree, Journal of the East Yorkshire Family History Society, No. 22, 1985]. Anne Simpson (, 11sep2003) is a descendant of Robert Taylor.

Robert Cross, convict, was transported to Australia for life, and arrived in Sydney aboard the Surrey on 27 July 1814; the NSW Convict Indents record:
Name:                              Robert Cross
Where and when tried: York Assizes 31 July 1813
Sentence:                        Life
Occupation:                     Labourer
Age:                                   28 years
Height:                              5 ft. 8¼ ins.
Complexion:                    dark pale
Hair:                                  dark brown
Eyes:                                 dark hazel

A likeness of Robert, created from detailed descriptions can be viewed on the Manly Quarantine WebSite [there are several inaccuracies in the accompanying data],

Jane, with their two sons William and Ralph and daughter Jane, disembarked as "Free Settlers" from the female convict ship Broxbornebury the next day. [Some Census and Musters shew the children as having arrived aboard the Surrey]. Both vessels had departed England on 22 February, the Surry at least had called at Rio de Janiero. In the Historical Records of Australia ?Macquarie noted regarding these vessels:
" 5. Out of one Hundred and twenty female Convicts Embarked in the Broxbornebury, two died on the passage and 118 have been landed here. By the Ship Surrey, on board of Which Two Hundred Male Convicts had been Embarked, One Hundred and Sixty four only Arrived, 36 having died on the passage of an Infectious and very Malignant Fever; there died Also on board one Serjeant and three Soldiers and ten Men belonging to the Ship's Company, Including the Master or Commander, the Surgeon, the first and Second Mates and Boatswain. Thus deprived of her Officers, She Arrived here in a peculiarly distressing Situation, the Fever Still raging on board. A Detachment of the 46th Regt., under the Command of Brevet Major Stewart of that Corps, Arrived in her, having acted as a Guard on the Convicts during the Voyage. In Consequence of the Danger to be Apprehended, I Caused the Ship and every person on board to be put under a Strict Quarantine (*see note 57), until the Fever should subside. All the persons Infected were landed and encamped on the North Shore of Port Jackson opposite to Sydney, Where they were Attended by Doctors Wentworth and Redfern of the Civil Medical Establishment, and I am happy to add, that with very few exceptions these Unfortunate people recovered under the humane and Skilful Attention of those Gentlemen. The Disease being thus overcome, the Quarantine was terminated on the 18th of August, and the Convicts brought to Sydney and Inspected; they Were then distributed in the Usual Way Among the Settlers. As it is Supposed that the Disease in a great degree Originated in the Neglect of the Master and Surgeon of the Surrey, I have made a Communication on the Subject by the Present Occasion to the Commissioners of the Transport Board, and transmitted them the Report made to me by Doctor Redfern on the Causes to Which he has been inclined to attribute the deplorable Mortality Which Occurred. I do myself the Honor to transmit Your Lordship's Copy of this Communication and Report for Your Lordship's Satisfaction.
1. Mr. Jeffery Hart Bent, Judge of our New Supreme Court, Arrived by the Broxbornebury, and Sir John Jamison (*see note 58), Mr. Horsley and Mr. George Williams with the Reverend Benjamin Vale, Assistant Chaplain, and several free Women, Wives of Convicts, Arrived as Passengers by the same Opportunity. Many of these Women having large Families of Children, and None of them having the Means of Subsistence, I have been Under the Necessity of putting them All on the Store for some time; had not this Act of Humanity been extended to them, they must have perished for Want of Food. The Fever on board the Surrey has deprived Several of them of their Husbands, by Which Means these poor Women Are bereft of every Means of Support for themselves and their Children, .....
2. Not having received any Communication from Your Lordship or Mr. Goulburn respecting Sir John Jamison, Mr. Horsley or Mr. Williams, I have been at a Loss to know how far I am Warranted in treating them as Free Settlers, being at present Obliged to rest my Conduct on their Representations of Your Lordship's Intentions towards them. Having however Good Reason to think favourably of the two former Gentlemen, I have promised Sir John a Grant of 1,500 Acres and Mr. Horsley one of 1,000 Acres...."

Jane and Robert Cross in Australia

On arrival in Sydney, Jane and Robert Cross went their individual ways, although they and their children continued seemingly harmonious friendships. The 'strongmade' Robert Cross was assigned to Jamison, son of Surgeon Thomas Jamison of the First Fleet [1814 Muster]. Robert worked at Bathurst from January 1816 until June 1818 for William Cox, who following the construction of his road across the Blue Mountains had been given the task of constructing public works and buildings in the newly founded town of Bathurst . For services rendered Robert was granted a Conditional Pardon on 31 July 1818 .

The Bonwick Transcripts (BT10 p4020) includes a mention of Robert’s activities and conditions during October 1817 in the Bigges Appendix in which John Pollett gave evidence regarding his employment by William Cox after employment by Richard Lewis [the evidence was originally sworn at Parramatta on 12 August 1820]:
I was employed in planting potatoes in 1817 when I first came. it was about October of that year, and near an Acre. Two horses belonging to Government and that went with Mr Oxley drilled it. Patrick Downey, T Bullock, Deny the Cooper, Robert Cross and I Butheridge drilled and planted the Land. I don’t know what quantity the Crop produced. The Potatoes were issued out as Rations in seven Pounds per Week. We had then seven pounds of Flour and ten and a half pounds of Beef…

The 1819 Muster shows Robert as a landholder in the Windsor district. The Bonwick Transcripts (BT24 p1066) includes a List of Persons in the Districts of the Hawkesbury who were formerly Convicts who reside on or hold Land by Grant, Purchase or as a Tenant. Prepared by Wm. Cox, J.P., at Windsor, 24 October 1820, with amongst others the following entry: (October 1820, Richmond.):
marked T
To Richd Lewis

The 1822 Muster has him residing as a tenant in the Windsor district with 8 acres of land, all cleared with 7.5 acres under Maize, 0.25 acres of potatoes and 0.25 acres as an orchard, with two hogs and 15 bushells of maize as well.

Robert and Jane Cross' Other Marriages and Dalliances

Robert Cross and Phillis Gordon

The 1828 Census lists Robert with his two sons at Wallis Plains near Maitland. They had 20 acres of land all cultivated and 14 head of horned cattle. Listed in the Census as housekeeper to Robert is Phillis Gordon, who lived in the household together with her son JOHN. John was born in 1819. Although his real father was a John Bond, he went under the name of John Cross and his death certificate names his father as Robert Cross; it is not known whether Robert adopted John . Phillis, born c1790, died in 1834, and son John after his marriage to Margaret Bailey farmed at McDonald Valley, where there were two big Bailey clans. John and Margaret had five girls.

Robert Cross and Catharine Thompson

In December 1830 Robert and his sons were in the Singleton district farming 200 acres of leased land. Robert, aged 47 years, married 29 year old Catharine Thompson at Maitland by Banns with the consent of the Governor (Darling) in July 1833 ; spinster Catharine, who had been transported in the transport Forth II, was on bond at the time. The Forth was a barque of 369 tons, built at Leith in 1826, which had left Cork IRL on 3 June 1830, sailing direct to Port Jackson which she gained 131 days later on 12 October. The Forth had conveyed 120 female convict to the antipodes. When Catharine married Robert in 1833, both lived in the parish of Maitland.

It is not known if Robert was divorced from Jane, or if there were any children of his marriage to Catherine which is not shewn on his death certificate

Robert Cross and Mary White

Lyn Millington [per eMail, 26oct2011] noted that Robert attempted “to re-marry again after Catherine to a Mary White - It was refused as he was asked to supply proof of his being a widower so that makes you wonder about Catherine and what happened to their marriage.”

Robert Cross and Mary Jane Adamson

Robert (a widower) married Mary Jane Adamson (m1 Livingston) (spinster) at Whittingham near Singleton in March 1846 (his death certificate gives November 1842), the witnesses being Thomas Everill and Ellen Richardson both of Singleton. As Mary Livingston, a kitchenmaid aged 26, married with a son, Mary Jane had been tried at Perth, Scotland, for stealing and sentenced to 14 years. According to Marie Tattam (1988) a “convict named Mary Livingston - alias Mary Adamson - [arrived] on the “Mary Ann” in 1839”, and it is possible though not yet proven that she is the person who became Robert Cross’ third wife. Perhaps Adamson had been her maiden name to which she reverted in Australia .

Robert Cross appears to have stayed around Singleton for some time, at least two children resulting from his relationship with Mary Jane:
Robert was mentioned a few times from 1850 to 1864 in The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser [available via], mainly in court reports:

On 13 May 1850 Robert was a victim of an armed robbery at Black Creek on the Singleton-Maitland road; accounts in The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser on Saturday 18 May 1850 (p2) of the ensuing court hearing cite his age as 66 years, implying Robert was born in 1784.

The Maitland Mercury also reported that on Friday 16 April 1852, under the Tenements Act, the bench warranted that a Philip Hughes be put in possession of a premises held by Robert Cross, who had been given notice to leave.

The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser on Saturday 8 January 1853 (p3) carried the classified advertisment:
STOLEN OR STRAYED, from Ravenfield, near Maitland, a BAT MARE, branded JK conjoined on the near shoulder, and a sear on the off hip, no white on her. If Strayed, One Pound will be paid ; and, if Stolen, Five Pounds will be paid on conviction of the thief. The above reward will be paid to any one delivering the said Mare to Robert Cross, Maitland, near the ' Northumberland Hotel." - 95.

The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser on Saturday 23 December 1854 (p2) reported a Coronial Inquest at Maitland into the death shews some of the character of Maitland in those times, with Robert nored as a minor witness.

Robert was a witness in an assault charge at Maitland Court on Thursday 7 March 1861, as reported in The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser on Saturday 9 March 1861 (p3).

Robert Cross was committed for trial at Maitland on 31 May 1861 for [being party to] the theft of a £5 note: he appeared before the Bench on 6 August — The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser reported (8 August 1861, p2) that the charges against Robert were discharged with an admonition.

Robert was again a witness in Maitland Court in February 1863 regarding the stealing of a pair of boots [per The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser, Saturday 28 February 1863, p4].

An insight into the Robert's circumstances shortly before his death comes from the Assessment on his Maitland property in March 1864, as noted in The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser of Saturday 19 March 1864 (p5):
THE ASSESSMENT OF WEST MAITLAND … High-street.…Robert Cross £18 10s…

Farmer Robert Cross, aged 87 years and ten months [apparently an error], died at High Street, West Maitland, in September 1864, the informant on his death certificate being his wife Mary Jane Cross née Adamson, signing with her mark. The certificate makes no mention of either the Thompson or the Gordon relationships.

Jane Cross' Relationship with John Horsley

John Horsley, son of JOHN HORS(E)LEY and MARY MORRIS (married 26 March 1768 at St Martin in the Fields, Westminster, London), arrived in the Colony on New South Wales as a free settler aboard the female convict ship Broxbornebury on 28 July 1814, and was granted large areas of land at Liverpool. John Horsley appears (from Colonial Secretary Index entries) to have been a Mason with high level connections, was a land owner and sold land and gained further land before becoming Clerk to Magistrates Court at Liverpool NSW (1823), then resigned and became Coroner at Liverpool or as stated by his successor Coroner for Parramatta District (1825).

Horsley left a wife, Maria Champion Crespigny, in England. Maria was the fourth-great grandaunt of Anne Young [pers comm, 19 February 2012] who is researching Maria's lineage [rf Anne's blog par excellence]. Anne noted that Maria, born 26 May 1776 and christened 18 June 1771 at Walton-upon-Thames, Surrey, daughter of PHILIP CHAMPION CRESPIGNY and his third wife CLARISSA SARAH BROOKE, married Horsley on 17 July 1804 at St George's, Canterbury; after Horsley's departure to New South Wales in 1814, Maria did not remarry: the 1841 census shews at at Castle Park Terrace, Littleham, Devon; Maria died on 1 September 1858, aged 82, late of the Dane John, Canterbury, Kent.

Horsley eventually settled on his property at Liverpool and built "Mark Lodge" as his home, where Fairfield Hospital now stands [per information from Marie Auld [pers comm., 10 January 2007] who also noted John and Jane's first two children].  He applied for the position of the Bench of Magistrates in 1823 and in 1825 was appointed Coroner of Liverpool. Jane went to Horsley in 1814 as his housekeeper at Liverpool. Although Horsley had left his wife Maria in England, Jane bore him six to eight children before he died at Liverpool aged 66 years and was buried there in February 1834 ; the children included:
No record of a divorce between Robert and Jane has yet been located, and all references save her burial details apparently refer to her as Jane Crofs or Cross. Nor was Horsley divorced from his wife Maria, who had stayed behind in England:
Exmouth, Devon
5th Sept. 1834
I request to be informed if the death of John Horsley, Esq., Coroner of the Liverpool District, N.S.Wales, on the 4th Feby. 1834, be correct and Official, as I am his Wife or Widow,
and your Obedt. Servant,
Maria Horsley.

Frequently in the early years of colonial Australia emigrants, both convict and free, assumed by separation the status of divorcee after a few years. Marie Auld [10 January 2007] would be very interested to learn of any information regarding any second marriage of Maria Horsley. John Horsley had occasionally used the epithet Captain: Tim Crampton (2008) noted that a Captain John Horsley had been obliged to relinquish a commission in The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards Blue and, though still seeking confirmation that it is the same John Horsley, postulated that it would explain the title and why he would leave his family. Tim's comment was based on an on-line advertisement for a rare publication [56 page pamphlet] from 1805, viz.:
The Case of John Horsley, Esq. Late a Captain in the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards Blue.
London for W.Stewart by J.Smeeton 1805 Sole edition, 8vo., half title, (4), 56pp., uncut copy stitched.
Lieutenant Edward Goulburn of the same regiment had been forced to resign his commission due to his obnoxious public and private behaviour and in response published a satirical poem "The Blueviad" attacking every officer in the regiment. Captain John Horsley quite by chance whilst riding in Kensington came across Goulburn and some bitter words were exchanged. Shortly afterwards a claim for satisfaction (a duel) was received which Horsley refused to countenance. For refusing this challenge he was drummed out of the regiment.

E.V. (Tim) Crampton (2009) forwarded two further articles on Horsley:
(1) From Sydney Gazette
Provost Marshall’s Office  25.3.1820
In the Supreme Court:
                   Campbell jnr v  Horsley esq
I will cause to be put up and sold by Public Auction in the market place, Sydney on Friday the 7th day of April next (postponed from Friday last) at the hour of 12 at noon by the virtue of  a Writ of Fieri Facias issuing from the Supreme Court, a valuable farm, containing about 600acres of land with several paddocks and enclosures thereon; also a commodious Dwelling house, with barn , sheep shed and numerous out-houses and buildings on the premises, together with 6 acres of Growing Maize; and also 38 head of horned cattle, 160 Merino sheep of superior quality, 8 pigs and sundry articles and implements of husbandry the property of the defendant, unless the Execution thereon be previously superseded.

(2) Colonial Secretary Index:-Memorial (Fiche 3065; 4/1834B No.145 p.879).
CSI: Reply, 3 Jun (Reel 6010; 4/3508 p.433)  Favourable response.
26. May 1823
Having arrived in this Colony in the year 1814 as a Free Settler, under strong recommendation from Earl Bathurst I obtained an order for 1200 acres of land, but as at that period, the greater part of the lands since granted in the County of Cumberland were kept for the use of the Gov’t it was three years before any ???gible land could be found on which to Settle.
In the interim I purchased, with the sanction of Governor Macquarie the Lands on which I know reside and on which I have expended a very considerable sum of maney.The expense of cultivating and stocking this farm obliged me to dispose of the land I had received under the recommendation of Earl Bathurst in order that I might not entice by loss the benefit of my exertions by being compelled to remove to a distant unimproved and uncultivated farm.
During the period I have been in the Colony I have one year ?? another maintenance free of expense to the Crown from twelve to fifteen men.
I trust my present application for an increase of land in the County of Argle whence to graze stock which my present lands are inadequate to support, will not be considered either improper or illtimed. In the event of my present request being acceded to by his Excellency the Governor I am ready to enter into any engagement or stipulation with respect thereto, as are at present usually imposed on Settlist.
                   I have the honor
                                      To remain sir
                                      Your  ???????
                                                         J Horsley

Jane continued to live at Liverpool until her death in June 1840, aged 50 years. Jane was interred beside Horsley in the old St Luke's cemetery at Liverpool as Jane Horsley . The headstones of early pioneers are now not in the grounds of St Luke's, but in a special Pioneer Cemetery located at the entrance to Liverpool City on the Hume Highway from Sydney.

3.1.1  William Cross (1806-7…1863) m1. Mary Ann Ratcliffe (c1819…1850), ?m2. Margaret Hanna

William Cross, eldest child of ROBERT CROSS and JANE JACKSON, was born c1806-7 in Yorkshire and apparently baptised at Sproatley about 12 July 1907. William came to NSW aboard the female convict ship Broxbornebury with his mother Jane and his siblings Ralph and Jane, disembarked as "Free Settlers" in Sydney on 28 July 1814. His father, Robert Cross, had arrived the previous day, transported Surr(e)y.

William Crofs (22) was listed in the 1828 NSW census with his brother Ralph (20) and father (41) at Wallis Plains. JHis mother Jane was at Liverpool NSW with John Horsley.

William was a sawyer when he applied for a grant of land in 1831. Lyn Millington commented [20 October 2011] that she had copy of a document that William “signed when given the Grant 4 April 1831 for him to then pick out an allotment and had to reside there for 7 years before officially his. [She believes] Ralph Jackson Cross … did the same but … found no documentation for him.”

William lived in the Maitland and Singleton areas, mainly as a miner but also involved in some farming and at one stage working as a butcher.

MaryEd Hartnel [12feb2007] added some information regarding William that she considers correct, viz.

William Henry Cross was born abt 12 july 1807 at Sproatley, Yorkshire. His first wife was Anne Dillon born 1816 died 1837 … married 29 Nov 1831 at Christ Church Parish, Newcastle. They had four children:

  • Robert b 1832 d 1833
  • Ellen b 1834 d 1834
  • William b 1835 d 1836
  • Marg b 1837

Ann is buried beside the grave of Captain John Horsley, 1st coroner of the Liverpool district

Lyn Millington [per eMails, 26 and 30oct2011] sent transcript from Laurice [Cross] of an application for the publication of Banns dated 21 November 1831 for William Cross and Ann Dillon at Christ Church, Newcastle and for William Pitman and Mary Ann Woods. A further transcript detailed the marriage solemnised between William Cross bachelor aged 24 (F) of the parish of Singleton and Ann Dillon spinster aged 16 (F) of the parish of Maitland, by Banns and with the consent of [?], at Christ Church, Newcastle, on 25 November 1831, by Chaplain Charles P H Wilton, M.A., in the presence of Mary A Pitman and William Pitman both of Darlington. Another document transcribed by Laurice was for Margaret Cross, daughter of William (blacksmith of Essex Street) and Ann Cross: born 10 February 1837, baptised 5 March 1837 by Robert Cartwright at St James' in the County of Cumberland”.

However, indexes on Jen Willett's Free Settler or Felon? WebSite [accessed 2011] note that it was William Cross of Darlington [1.5km west of Singleton] who married Ann Dillon of Maitland at Newcastle's Christ Church Cathedral in 1831. Those indexes also note a Sydney Gazette reference on William Cross, of Darlington, a convict transported on the Royal Admiral in 1830 [arriving in Port Jackson in November 1830] as:
“Age 20. Carter from Preston. 5ft 3 3/4in, dark hazel eyes, light brown hair, ruddy freckled complexion. Absconded from Mr. Kilminster at Darlington”.
Those indexes also refer to the Convict Indents Fiche #677:
“Age 20. Carter from Riston. Tried at Manchester 10 January 1830 and sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking. Assigned to William Kelman at Hunter River on arrival”.
An additional reference notes an entry in the Newcastle Gaol Entrance Books, dated 27 April 1831, that states William Cross, transportee per the Royal Admiral (1830) :
“Labourer from Lancashire. Sentenced by Maitland Bench to 2 years in a penal settlement for robbery and absconding. Sent to Syd., 9 May”.
Those index references strongly suggest that the husband of Ann Dillon was not the William Cross of Sproatley.

Lyn Millington [20 October 2011] added:
William Cross - Broxbornebury 1814 – On 22 July 1835 - Newcastle gaol - Born in York, son of Jane Cross. Free farmer admitted to Newcastle gaol from Maitland. Committed for trial for horse stealing. Sent to Sydney for trial at the Supreme Court 29 July.
NOTE: The Supreme Court heard all matters that were punishable by death until the abolition of the death penalty in 1955

Jen Willett's Free Settler or Felon? WebSite also indexes, referenced Australian, 17 November 1835, [location not detailed, but Jen's Website deals chiefly with the NSW Hunter Valley], a William Cross:
“Indicted with Richard Lewis for stealing an ox belonging to T.V. Bloomfield”.

William married Mary Ann Ratcliffe in January 1838 in the Presbyterian Scots Church at Maitland, witnessed by John Cross and Jane Kay (their marks). Mary A Ratclife was baptised in a Roman Catholic ceremony in the Maitland area in 1819, the daughter of farmer JAMES RATCLIFFE and his wife MARY of Harpers Hill (between Maitland and Newcastle, resident there in 1837).

Mary Ann (Marianne) bore William one male and three or four female children [birth locations per MaryEd Hartnel]:
Mary Ann Cross née Ratcliffe died in March 1850 aged 33 years and was buried at Morpeth, leaving “…four children to lament their loss”.

William, a butcher, later married (July 1850) Margaret Hanna with the consent of the local magistrate. Lyn Millington [per eMail, 26oct2011] cites notes sent to her by Laurice Cross in the early 1990s has witnesses to this marriage as Jane Millington and R. Swan at Morpeth.

William Henry Crofs, a miner aged 57 years, died in November 1863 at Penrith NSW. Jane Ellen Cross (1838…)

Details in this section have been revised following corrections and information from MaryEd Hartnell [10 October 2006, 4 January 2007) and Myree Bliim, NSW Australia [24 April 2008]

Jane Ellen Cross, daughter of WILLIAM and his wife MARIANNE, was baptised on 27 November 1838 at West Maitland NSW.

Information received in the late 1990s by this author had suggested that Jane Ellen Cross had married — Matheson and, as Mrs Matheson, was bought an adjoining property in Duke Street, Balmain, Sydney, by her brother-in-law David Jones. MaryEd Hartnell (2006, 2007), Myree Bliim (2008) and others have corrected this, detailing the marriages of Jane’s younger sister Ann Marie Cross (born 1843) to Scottish-born Alexander [a.k.a. Murdow Benton] Matheson at Bathurst in 1869 [rf Section 3.1.3]; David Jones would have been brother-in-law to both Jane Ellen Cross and Ann Marie Cross, having married their sister Mary Eliza Cross (born 1840) at Walgett in 1862 [rf Section  1.1.2].

Perhaps Jane died young, perhaps she married — Allen: the death of Jane Allen, daughter of William and Mary A, was registered in Sydney in 1929. If so, delineating her story would be confounded by the parallel details of her cousin Jane Cross (born 13 March 1838, daughter of William’s brother Ralph Jackson Cross and his wife Mary Ellen Skinn) whose marriage to Joseph Allan was registered at Penrith NSW in 1864 and whose death was registered at Dubbo NSW in 1929. Mary Elizar Cross (1840…) m. David Morgan Jones (…?1912)

Mary Elizar Cross (later known as Elizabeth Mary Cross) was born in July 1840. Elizabeth met and married 22 year old David Morgan Jones at Walgett NSW in 1862 . David was a mail carrier between Walgett and Moree (and maybe Collarenebri) and may have been staying at the only hotel in Walgett as the Post Office was in the same building and Mary Elizar was noted as “general servant” on her marriage papers; the owner of the hotel, George Hoath, had a sister Sara who married George Cross. Possible children include:
David and Elizabeth later lived in Duke Street, Balmain, Sydney, where in the late 1880’s David bought the house next door for his wife’s sister Ann (then Mrs Matheson) so the sisters could be together. [Mrs Margaret Johnstone of “Wirroona”, Carinda NSW, a descendant of David and Elizabeth, supplied this information in June 1997.]

The death of a David M Jones, son of David and Elizabeth, was registered at Balmain North in 1912 [and another, the son of Daniel and Elizabeth, at Bingara in 1906]. The death of an Elizabeth M Jones, daughter of William and Mary A, was registered at St Leonards in 1918.
[It is interesting to note a marriage of a Jane Cross and a David Morgan at St Phillip’s CoE in Sydney in 1823 — ed.]. Ann Marie Cross (1843…1912) m. Alexander Matheson (1837…1883)

Details in this section are based on information from MaryEd Hartnell [, 10 October 2006, 4 January 2007 ) and Myree Bliim, NSW Australia [, 24 April 2008]

Ann Marie Cross, born on 23 October 1843 [MaryEd Hartnell has 1842] at Morpeth NSW to WILLIAM CROSS and his wife MARY ANN RATCLIFFE, was baptised into the Church of England (Oakville – Wittingham - Wollombi circuit, NSW). At the Manse of St Stephen, Bathurst NSW on 11 August 1869, Annie Mary married Murdow Benton Matheson [oft-spelt Murdo Beaton Matheson], a 32-year old trooper living in Bathurst. Her marriage certificate notes Annie as a 26 year old spinster from Bathurst whose parents were publican William Cross and Mary Hawthorn [but considered by MaryEd Hartnell to have been Ratcliff, as Ann was about 5 years old when her mother died and may have not remembered the name or perhaps gone to live with a relative called Hawthorn: a Mary H Hawthorn was baptised in 1852 to William and Eliza Hawthorn but MaryEd Hartnell cannot locate any Cross-Hawthorn marriages in NSW in that period]. Murdow was born Alexander Matheson in Inverness, Scotland in 1837 to farmer FINLAY MATHESON and ANN MACRAIL. He was not related to Kenneth and Anabella Matheson of Grafton NSW: their son Murdo Matheson died at Grafton in 1882.
Before leaving for Australia, he was a soldier with the 17th Lancers. He joined the NSW Mounted Police on 6 January 1864 as a single constable in the Western Districts and resigned on 31 October 1869. Annie and Alexander (who rejoined the NSW Mounted Police after returning from America) had nine children:

twins ANNABELLA MARY JANE MATHESON (born 9 April 1870 at Port Gambel, Washington Territory, America; baptised 23 August 1870 in the Parish of Sydney (her parents were living in Elizabeth Street South, Sydney); death on 29 March 1956 registered at Paddington NSW; marriage to cousin Frederick John Herald Cross on 14 November 1892 at Christ Church St Laurence, Sydney; three known issue) and
unknown MATHESON (did not survive),
• ELLEN TRANNETTA MATHESON (born 27 June 1871 in Hargraves (about 20km south-southwest from Mudgee NSW) ; death of Ellen Franzetta Newman registered in 1950 at Sutherland NSW; married Jacob Newman in 1919 at Balmain North, NSW),
possible twins ALEXANDER MATHESON (birth registered 1873 in Mudgee )
and ELIZA ANNABELLA MATHESON (born 6 February 1873 at Hargraves (her father Alexander noted as lock-up keeper at Hargraves), died 1889 Newtown NSW),
possible twins WILLIAM ROBERT MATHESON (born 1875 Mudgee , died 1919 at Richmond NSW),
and JESSIE ELIZABETH MATHESON (born 1875 Mudgee ; died 1940 at Canterbury NSW; married Arthur Upchurch c1918 in Sydney),
• FINLAY ALEXANDER MATHESON (born 1879 Canowindra NSW; death registered in 1909 at Balmain North; marriage to Anna Maule registered at Woollahra NSW in 1907) and
• MURDOW BEATON MATHESON (born 1881 in Canowindra; died 1940 Kogarah NSW; marriage to Florence Hester May Orchard registered at Petersham NSW in 1908; issue: William A Matheson (born 1909, Balmain North) Hester M Matheson (born 1910, Balmain North; marriage to William Reginald Graham registered at Hurstville NSW in 1936), Charles H Matheson (born 1915, Balmain North), and Ernest Matheson (father of Rodney Matheson) [Myree Bliim [] is researching this line] ).

Alexander Matheson died aged 45 on 4 April 1883 at 181 Elizabeth Street and was buried 26th instant at Waverley Cemetery; he had been a Senior Constable of Trunkey NSW and died intestate, his estate “sworn at 160 pounds". Ann Maria Matheson died 6 May 1912, aged 69, and is buried with Alexander and their son Finley Alexander (who died 12 May 1909). Until her death she lived at "Lynford", Duke Place, Balmain, paying a rent of £2 a month to David Morgan [Jones]. Annabella Mary Jane Matheson (1870…1956) m. Frederick John Herald Cross (1…1953)

Annabella Mary Jane Matheson was born 9 April 1870 at Port Gambel, Washington Territory, America; and baptised 23 August 1870 in the Parish of Sydney (her parents MURDOW BENTON MATHESON (a.k.a. ALEXANDER MATHESON) and ANNIE MARIE CROSS were then living in Elizabeth Street South, Sydney) married Frederick John Herald Cross on 14 November 1892 at Christ Church St Laurence, Sydney. Frederick Cross was a cousin, the son of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and MARY ELLEN SKINN.
The births of three children were registered to Frederick J H and Annie A M J Cross:

• OSWALD RALPH JACKSON CROSS (born c1893 in Sydney; died 1967at Parkes NSW),
• ROBERT FREDERICK ALEXANDER CROSS (born c1900 in Duke Street, Balmain NSW; died 1955 at Bondi NSW; at least one child, Jocelyn) and
• MARY A E CROSS (born c1904).

Frederick died in 1953 in his home at 149 Bunnerong Road, Kingsford NSW [death registered at Randwick]; Annabella’s death on 29 March 1956 was registered at Paddington NSW [per MaryEd Hartnell].

3.1.2  Ralph Jackson Cross (1808/10…1888) m. Mary Ellen Skinn (1819…1918)

Ralph Jackson Crofs of the Parish of Bankstown, born June 1810 or perhaps January 1808 ERY, second of three children of the marriage ROBERT CROSS and JANE JACKSON, was Christened on 23 December 1810 at Drypool, Hull ERY.

On 20 February 1837 at St Luke's, Liverpool NSW, Ralph married Mary Ellen Skinn, spinster of the Parish of Bankstown, born January 1819. The marriage was witnessed by John Harris of Nepean River and Mary Morris Horsley of Bankstown; both bride and groom signed with their X marks. The union of Ralph and Mary Ellen produced twelve children:
Ralph was a farmer living at Mark Lodge, Bankstown, in April 1838 (possibly near or with John Horsley and Jane Crofs), and at Prospect Creek in June 1840.

At one stage Ralph was an overseer on the Horsley properties. At Penrith on 17 April 1860, a General Publicans License valid until July 1861 was granted to a Ralph Jackson Cross of Emu Plains, regarded as a person of good fame and reputation, for the Union Inn at Emu Plains. William Allen and Joseph Workman, of Penrith, each stood the £50 surety.

Ralph, a farmer, died at Old Dubbo NSW on 10 April 1888. The informant on his death certificate, Joseph Allen [Ralph's son-in-law] of Eschol near Dubbo, stated that Ralph, aged 77, was survived by his children Jane (50), Ralph (45), William (37), Charles (30), Caroline (27), George (24) and Frederick (22 years) [and his wife Mary Ellen].

Mary Ellen Cross née Skinn, daughter of WILLIAM and JANE, died in October 1918, aged 99 years 9 months. She was reportedly Australia's oldest native at the time; her death was registered at Dubbo. Jane Cross (1838…1929) m. Joseph Allan (…1908?)

Jane Cross, born in March 1838, daughter of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and MARY ELLEN SKINN, married Joseph Allan at Penrith NSW [registered in 1864]. The couple appear to have had five children:
  • WILLIAM ALLAN (born 1865, Penrith; married),
  • FREDERICK J ALLAN (born 1866, Penrith; married Edith Sutton at Dubbo in 1898, daughter Isabel E Allan (born 1900, Dubbo; appears to have married Alexander Coles at Woollahra NSW in 1923), granddaughter Joy married Douglas Reeson with children Mark, Robert, Kim, Anne and Ian),
  • HENRY S ALLAN (born 1868, Penrith),
  • WILLIAM HENRY CROP ALLAN (born 1873, Penrith) and
  • RALPH HUBERT ALLAN (born 1876, Penrith).

The death of a Joseph Allan, son of WILLIAM and ISABELLA, was registered at Dubbo in 1908. The August 1929 death of Jane Allan, daughter of RALPH J and MARY E, was registered at Dubbo. Ralph Jackson Cross (1841…1923) m. Elizabeth Margieson (1853…1932)

Ralph Jackson Cross, born in May 1841, was the son of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and MARY ELLEN SKINN. In July 1879, Ralph married Elizabeth Margieson, born May 1853: she is likely to have been the Elizabeth Margisson baptised in 1853, daughter of GEORGE and ISABELLA [an Elizabeth Margison was also baptised to this couple in 1850]. The couple had eight children:
  • ISABELLA CROSS (born 1880; death registered at Sydney in 1961; married Benjamin J Roberts, Drummoyne, 1913 ; two issue known),
  • FREDERICK H CROSS (born 1881; death registered at Dubbo in 1882),
  • GEORGE ALBERT CROSS (born 1883, death on 13 September 1935 registered at Hornsby; marriage to Grace R Stanfield registered at Ashfield NSW in 1911; the 1930 NSW Electoral Roll shews George [officer] and Grace Retallick Cross [home duties] at the Mental Hospital, Rabbit Island, Gosford),
  • HENRY ALLEN CROSS (born 1885; marriage to Edith S Hinde registered at Drummoyne in 1926; the 1930 NSW Electoral Roll shews Henry [traveller] and Edith Sanderson Cross [home duties] at 152 Baylis Street, Wagga Wagga),
  • HERBERT J CROSS (born 1887; death registered at Dubbo in 1887),
  • MIRIAM HELEN CROSS (born 1888; the death aged 88 years of a Miriam Cross at Neutral Bay NSW was registered in 1977; never married; enrolled at Drummoyne in 1930 and 1933, in 1933 [sic] and 1936 at Kentville, in 1943 at Strathfield and in 1954 [no occupation] at 10 Wilkes Avenue, Artarmon),
  • EVA M CROSS ( birth registered at Dubbo in 1890; death registered at Dubbo in 1891) and
  • ALBERT ALLEN CROSS (born November 1893, birtth registered at Dubbo; died November 1979; in 1835 married Ouida Idalia Cooke (born1913)).
Ralph Jackson Cross, born 1841, died September 1923. at Drummoyne NSW.

The 1930 Electoral Roll shews Elizabeth Cross [home duties], Albert Allen Cross [clerk] and Miriam Helen Cross [home duties], at 16 Tranmere Street, Drummoyne.

The death of an Elizabeth Cross, daughter of George and Isabel, was registered at Drummoyne in 1932.. Isabella Cross (1880…1961) m. Benjamin Joseph Roberts (…)

Isabella Cross, whose birth was registered at Dubbo in 1880, was the first-born of eight children of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and ELIZABETH MARGIESON. As Isabel Cross, she married Benjamin J Roberts at Drummoyne on 26 September 1913. Isabel and Benjamin had at least two children:

  • NSW Electoral Rolls shew Benjamin Joseph Roberts [attendant] and Isabel Roberts [home duties] at 10 Tranmere street, Drummoyne, in 1932, 1933 and 1935, joined thereat by Grace Miriam Ellen Roberts [clerk] in 1936 and 1937. Isabel Roberts [home duties] remained listed at 10 Tranmere street, Drummoyne, in 1943, 1949, 1954 and 1958.

  • Kate Clarkson is a descendant of Grace.

  • The death of Benjamin Joseph Roberts, son of HENRY and ELLEN, on 5 August 1939, 'late of Drummoyne', was noted in The Sydney Morning Herald on 7th inst. (p10, p9):
  • ROBERTS.—August 5, 1939, Benjamin Joseph Roberts, of 10 Tranmere Street, Drummoyne, loving husband of Isabel Roberts and loving father of Grace and Allan. (By request no flowers.)
    ROBERTS.—The Funeral of the late BENJAMIN JOSEPH ROBERTS, of 10 Tranmere Street, Drummoyne, will leave the Private Chapel of Motor Funerals, Limited, 30 City Road, city, THIS AFTERNOON, at 2 o'clock, for the Crematorium, Rookwood. By request, no flowers.
    MOTOR FUNERALS. LIMITED. A.F.D.A.. Tele., M6377. 30 City Road, city.
    ROBERTS.—P.A.F.S., GLADESVILLE LODGE, No. 18.—The Officers and Members are kindly invited to attend the Funeral of the late Brother, BENJAMIN JOSEPH ROBERTS. (See family notice.) F. A. SHERIDAN, W.M., J. Y. SHERIDAN. Secretary.

  • The death of Isabella Roberts née Jackson, daughter of RALPH JACKSON [CROSS] and ELIZABETH, on 25 December 1960, 'late of Drummoyne', was noted (as Isabel Roberts) in The Sydney Morning Herald on 29th inst. and registered in Sydney in 1961.
  • Albert Allen Cross (1893…1979) m. Ouida Idalia Cooke (1913…)

    Albert Allen Cross, born November 1893, was the youngest of the eight children of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and ELIZABETH MARGIESON. In February 1935, Albert married Ouida Idalia Cooke, born April 1913. The couple had at least two children:
    • HELEN CROSS (born 1935; married 1958? John Glasson (born 1923?), no children) and
    • ADRIAN CHARLES CROSS (born 1937; married 1961? Laurice Evelyn Cooper (born 1934), two children Linda Louise Cross and Richard Bradley Cross).
    Albert Allen Cross, born 1893, died November 1979. Kate Clarkson [eMail 16 October 2009] noted that while researching in the Liverpool Museum (NSW) she came across a letter from Laurice Cross written c1989 asking if anybody else researching the family. William Cross (1849…1939) m. Sarah Elizabeth Colless (…)

    William Cross, born June 1849 at Parramatta, the son of RALPH JACKSON CROSS and MARY ELLEN SKINN, married Sarah Elizabeth Colless on 6 November 1878 at Penrith. The couple had eight children:
    • ETHEL MAUD CROSS (born 1879, Dubbo; death registered at Balmain NSW in 1960; married Frank Newell, 1910, Kogarah),
    • ELIZABETH CROSS (born 1881, Penrith; married George Woodley, 1906, Wellington),
    • RALPH J.CROSS (born 1883, Dubbo; died an infant, 1883, Dubbo),
    • WILLIAM C.CROSS (born 1886, Dubbo; ; death registered in Sydney in 1962;; never married)),
    • CHARLES H.CROSS (born 1887, Dubbo; death registered in Sydney in 1951; never married)),
    • MARY E.CROSS (born 1890, Dubbo; married John MacIlwaine, 1919, Newtown) and
    • twins RUBY M.CROSS (born 1893, Dubbo; death registered at Hornsby NSW in 1967; married Cecil Ingram, 1930, Dubbo)
    • and ROY MACQUARIE CROSS (born 1893, Dubbo; died 1959; married Amy Jones, 1923, Dubbo).

    William Cross died on 4 September 1939 at Dulwich Hill near Marrickville NSW. It is possible Sarah was the daughter baptised to WILLIAM and ELIZABETH COLLESS in 1850; however, the death of a Sarah Elizabeth Cross was registered in 1936 at Camden NSW: she was noted as the daughter of FREDERICK COLLIS and SUSAN. Roy Macquarie Cross (1893…1959) m. Amy Elizabeth Jones (…)

    This information was contributed by (Patricia) Anne [, 3 August 2007]
    Roy Macquarie Cross, born circa 1893 near Dubbo, son of WILLIAM CROSS and his wife SARAH ELIZABETH COLLESS, married Amy E Jones in 1923 at Dubbo. This couple were the parents of [at least]:
    • MOYNA MAY CROSS (death registered at Annandale NSW in 1936) and
    • JACK MACQUARIE CROSS (born 1923 at Henty NSW; died 1985 at Canberra; married Patricia Rae Grimes (marriage registered at Bankstown NSW in 1947); four children).

    The 1937 NSW Electoral Roll shews Roy [rly. emp.], Amy [home duties] and William Colles Cross [labr.] at 14 Little Brancourt avenue, Bankstown; in 1949 Roy [railway employee], Amy [home duties], Elizabeth Jean Cross [clerk] and Joyce Cross [typiste] were at 14 Egan street, Bankstown; by 1954, Roy, Amy and Joyce trainee nurse] were at 66 Bolton street, Guilford.

    The death of Roy Macquarie Cross was registered in 1959 at Campsie NSW. Amy was quite possibly the Amy Elizabeth Cross, daughter of SAMUEL ERNEST and MARY, whose death on 18 May 1977, aged 81, was noted in the Sydney Morning Herald on 20 May 1977; the birth of an Amy E Jones was registered at Dubbo in 1895, the daughter of SAMUEL E and ELIZABETH

    3.1.3 Jane Cross (1809…1840) m1. Jeremiah Kay (1795…1840), m2. Thomas Millington (1807…1856-9), m3. William Price (1822…)

    Jane Cross, born December 1808 at Hull ERY, christened on 11 Oct in Kingston Upon Hull, was the third and youngest child of the marriage of ROBERT CROSS and JANE JACKSON (though not the last child of either). Jane was baptised at Pickering YKS in May 1815. Jane Cross married first in February 1825 at Richmond NSW, the groom being Jeremiah Kay; six children were born to this marriage. Jeremiah died in 1840. For further details of their family, refer to the Kay lineage.

    Jane Kay née Cross and Thomas Millington

    Jane Kay née Cross married Thomas Millington at S Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Singleton NSW (Parish of Whittingham, County of Northumberland), in November 1840, before witnesses William Cross and Thomas Williams (his mark). Thomas Millington was born in May 1807 in Sydney, the son of MARK MILLINGTON of Campbelltown NSW and MARY TURNBULL (née WEYMSS). In the 1828 census Thomas is seen working as a wheelwright at “Corinda‟ on the Hunter River, Patrick Plains (which was also known later as Singleton), for Archibald Bell junior.

    Mark Millington was born August 1775, tried at Whittington SAL where he was given a life sentence for stealing, and was transported aboard HMS Glatton arriving in Sydney on 11 March 1803. HMS Glatton took 169 days to complete her journey from England, departing London on 23 September 1802 and stopping at Madrid and Rio de Janerio on the way. Of the 271 male and 130 females convicts embarked, twelve died. The Glatton completed a ‘round-the-world’ voyage on returning to England.

    Mary Weymss was born c1779, and arrived as a convict in Sydney on 11 April 1804 aboard the 604 ton ship William Pitt., which had departed Cork on 31 August 1805 and sailed via Maderia, San Salvadore and the Cape. The ship, built at Liverpool in 1804, embarked one male and 120 female convicts on the long voyage to Australia of 223 days.

    Mary Millington, formerly Turnbull née Weymss, died c1821 at Liverpool. In 1823 Mark Millington married Jane Kane (Mary Keen), relict of James Hayden who had died in 1820. Jane had also arrived in New South Wales in the Glatton.

    Tim Crampton [, 18 October 2009] noted:

    My George Simpson married Ann, daughter of James Hayden and Jane Kane (Mary Keen). Jane arrived on Glatton as did Mark Millington (Mellington).
    … James died 20th September 1820 and Jane promptly took her children, Henry, Jane and Ann and had them christened into the Roman Catholic faith, in Sydney, there was another child James, whose descendants are having difficulty tracing. It was after this that they took the name of HEYDEN. Interestingly Henry had been previously christened in the Roman Catholic Church in 1810.
    … Jane married Mark MI(E)LLINGTON in 1823. Mark is listed in the 1828 Census (Muster of Convicts in NSW & Norfolk Island 1828) as living with George and Ann [Simpson] at Airds.
    [Jane and Mark] both died 1853. They had no children.
    … PS I finished my e-book about the members of Oxley’s 1817-1818 expeditions. It is at

    Mark Millington died in Sydney on 16 June 1853; his wife Jane also died that year.

    homas and Jane moved from Singleton downstream towards Morpeth. Jane bore Thomas two sons and two daughters. These were:
    • MARY JANE MILLINGTON (born November 1842, Paterson NSW; died November 1931, New Lambton NSW; married William Hinton),
    • VICTORIA CAROLINE MILLINGTON (born November 1844, Morpeth NSW; died August 1846, Morpeth),
    • JOHN THOMAS MILLINGTON (born October 1846, Morpeth; died March 1912, New Lambton; marriage to Anne Ellen Draper registered at Lambton in 1876 [paternal great-grandparents of Lyn Millington], with issue apparently including Florence Maude Millington (birth registered at Gunnedah in 1876), Elizabeth Ellen Millington (death registered at New Lambton in 1944), Grace Millington (death registered at Mayfield in 1948), Frederick Thomas Millington (death registered at Wallsend in 1961), Thomas Ernest Millington (death registered at Hamilton in 1962), Clarence Gerian Millington (death registered at Hamilton in 1948) and Herbert Arthur Millington (death registered in NSW in 1980)) and
    • WILLIAM HENRY MARK MILLINGTON (born September 1849, Morpeth; died August 1920, West Maitland).
    Jane and Thomas lived Morpeth for some time where Thomas set up a wheelwright’s shop, and their house was still standing in 1986. The wheelwright's shop next to it was demolished in 1969.

    Thomas Millington was last heard from in an 1856 letter from the Californian goldfields where he had been for some time. He was supposedly shipwrecked returning to his family in Australia, although a rumour reported him seen later in London. His estate was the subject of a court case.

    Lyn Millington eMailed [17 October 2011] to correct a confusion about Thomas Millington persistent [including in this author's construct] since early research in the 1980s: viz. that prior to marrying Jane Cross, Thomas Millington [son of Mark Millington of Campbelltown and Mary Turnbull (née Weymss)] had married in 1835 to Susanna Shipman [mother of Thomas William Millington, baptised at Liverpool in 1836]. At Thomas William Millington's baptism in 1836, his father's occupation was shown as 'C. 4th Regiment' mounted police, stationed at Jerry's Plains where the camp was a stockade in the 1830s:
    "Thomas Millington did not marry Susanna Shipman, there were two Thomas Millington's in the colony at the same time, the one who married Susanna Shipman had come out on a tour of duty with the 4th Kings Own Regiment arriving in 1832 and left here with his wife and son about 1837-38 to do a tour of duty in India before returning to England (the Regiment departed Sydney between August 1837 and April 1838 with all in Madras by April 1838). He and his wife died there leaving their son an orphan who eventually was sent back to England and died 1902 there after marrying and having a surviving son. The mistake has come about by some doing research very early on, in late 1980’s, and assumed this was so without fully checking into it. I questioned it even at that time. It was said that Thomas [who married Jane Cross – ed.] was in the Liverpool area when the marriage to Susanna took place there, of which he was earlier on, but by this time in 1835 was up working on the Patrick Plains by his trade of wheelwright that I have uncovered in recent times. I have been trying to correct this with those who keep posting this in their Trees, this incorrect information, but seemed to be reluctant to delete the error they have there."

    Jane Millington née Cross (m1. Kay) and William Price

    Jane's third marriage, as the 49 year old widow Jane Millington, was in October 1859 to William Price, a widower, at St Paul's CoE, West Maitland, NSW. William Price was born c1822 at Ludlow to JAMES PRICE (a blacksmith) and his wife ANN ??SMEE (?or INCE??). At the time of his marriage, William was a farmer aged 37 of Ravensfield; Jane, twelve years his senior, was a resident of West Maitland; Jane's father Robert was noted as a Gentleman. A child of this marriage, when Jane would have been more than 50 years old, was:
    • JOHN PRICE (born in 1860).
    As Kim Cooke commented (pers comm., December 2004), “when John Price was born it was 11 years since Jane’s previous child was born making Jane 52: either she was a tough lady or she had a daughter who had a baby out of wedlock and she took the child as her own”. Later in life Jane moved around NSW with her son John Thomas Millington as he and his family followed seasonal work; Jane acted as mid-wife to some of her son’s children, as she had done for some of her grand-children by Jeremiah.

    Jane Ellen Price née Cross (m1. Kay, m2. Millington) died in June 1893 at NSW at the home of her son Thomas Millington in New Lambton near Newcastle NSW, and was buried under the name Millington. Jane's grave is shared by her daughter Harriet Turner.  Mary Jane Millington (1842…1931) m. William Thomas Hinton (1842… 1902)

    This section & related Kay data are based on information from Carolin Wilson [ jan2009]
    Mary Jane Millington, daughter of THOMAS MILLINGTON and JANE (formerly KAY, née CROSS), was born 4 November 1842 at Paterson NSW. Mary’s marriage to William Thomas Hinton was registered at Newcastle in 1870, they were the parents of:
    • RALPH HERBERT HINTON (born at New Lambton, birth registered at Newcastle in 1876; enlisted in Australian Imperial Forces on 1 February 1916 (aged 37 years 5 months [sic.], height 5’ 8½”, weight 126 lbs, fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair, CoE, a senior linesman in PMG Department; noted mother as next-of-kin), returned to Australia per H T Borda on 28 June 1919, discharged from 4th Divisional Signal Company in Sydney as Sergeant on 12 August 1919; death on 27 November 1930 registered at New Lambton),
    • JOHN ROBERT HINTON (birth registered at Gunnedah in 1879; death registered at Singleton in 1956; marriage to Florence May Thomas registered at Newcastle in 1908; the 1930 and 1936 Electoral Rolls shew John a line inspector and Florence engaged in ‘home duties’ at 10 Bishopsgate street, Singleton; in 1936 they are joined by Beryl Esme Hinton, ‘home duties’ (her birth had been registered at Singleton in 1915; her marriage to Charles Roy Mitchell was registered at Hamilton in 1949)),
    • BERTIE GEORGE HINTON (birth registered at Gunnedah in 1881; death registered at Wallsend in 1941; marriage to Emily Patterson registered at Dubbo in 1902),
    • MABEL M HINTON (birth registered at Gunnedah in 1884; death registered at Lambton in 1884),
    • ALMA RACHEL HINTON (birth registered at Lambton in 1885; death on 27 July 1933 registered at Lambton; marriage to William Charles Stanard Keighran registered at Hamilton in 1913 [William, son of WILLIAM THOMAS KEIGHRAN and REBECCA NORTON, was born on 25 Febriuary 1890 on Ningie Station, Piliga NSW (birth registered at Dubbo); he died on 27 August 1983 at Killarney Vale aged 95, 'late of Long Jetty', death notices published in the Sydney Morning Herald on 29 and 30 August 1983]; the 1930 Electoral Roll shews William a hotelier and Alma engaged in ‘home duties’ at the Exchange Hotel, Lambton) and
    • LINDA HINTON ([corresponded with War Dept. regarding her brother Ralph] on 29 July 1917 as Mrs R Johnson living c/o Mrs McCann, 9 West Street, Paddington and in 1919 at 304 Riley Street Surry Hills Sydney).
    The 1930 Electoral Roll lists Mary Jane as engaged in ‘home duties’ and resident at Lambton road, New Lambton, with her son Ralph Herbert Hinton, a carpenter. Perhaps William was the son of WILLIAM and MARGARET whose death had been registered at New Lambton in 1902.
    The death of Mary Jane Hinton née Millington in November 1931 was registered at New Lambton NSW. or 9 Oct 1934 in Newcastle per Debra Elton @ genes & Mea Malaxos @ genes on  Bertie George Hinton (c1881…c1941) m. Emily Elizabeth Patterson (… 1960)

    Bertie George Hinton, son of WILLIAM THOMAS HINTON and MARY JANE MILLINGTON, married Emily Elizabeth Patterson; the marriage was registered at Dubbo in 1902. Bertie and Emily were the parents of (at least):
    • WILLIAM THOMAS HINTON (birth registered at Grafton in 1904; death registered in Sydney in 1954; marriage to his 3rd cousin Eileen Thorne Kay [rf Section3.7.1 on page 107] registered at Hamilton in 1926; they were the parents of Learne Hinton, mother of Carolin who married Peter Wilson),
    • MARY HINTON (birth registered at New Lambton in 1905; marriage to Thomas Wilfred Hodgins registered at Gosford in 1928),
    • EMILY LUCY HINTON (birth registered at Narrabri in 1907; death as Emily Lucy Brewer registered at Newcastle in 1973; marriage to Alfred J Beahan registered at Hamilton in 1928; marriage to Joseph Henry Brewer registered at Wallsend in 1952),
      Alma Victoria Hinton (birth registered at Scone in 1909; death registered at Wallsend in 1951; marriage to Theophilus W Lane registered at Hamilton in 1931 (death of Theophelus William Lane, son of SAMUEL and REBECCA JANE, registered at Wallsend in 1962)),
    • LEONORE ESMA HINTON (birth registered at Grafton in 1911; death registered at Hurstville in 1936; marriage to John H Dent registered at New Lambton in 1934),
    • BERTIE GEORGE HINTON (birth registered at Wallsend in 1913; death registered in NSW in 1974; possibly marriage to Noleen Mildred Watkins registered at Boolaroo NSW in 1946),
    • MERYL FLORENCE HINTON (birth registered at Wallsend in 1915 [there are three Meryl Florence Hinton marriages indexed, close in time and space: to George James Webber in 1937 at Wickham, to John Albert Crockett at Wallsend in 1943 and to William Thornton Dewey at Boolaroo in 1950]) and
    • RALPH H HINTON (birth registered at Wallsend in 1917).
    The 1930 Electoral Roll shews Bertie and Emily at 12a Denison street, Hamilton, he a linesman and her engaged in ‘home duties’. The 1936 Roll shews Bertie and Emily at 103 Albert St., Islington, Bertie a linesman and Emily engaged in ‘home duties’; Alma is in ‘home duties’ at the same address; Thomas Wilfred Hodgins (plumber) and Mary Hodgins (home duties).

    Bertie and Emily are also listed (with the same occupations) in the 1930 Roll at 6 Harriet street, Waratah: with them are children Bertie George, junior (labourer), Merle Florence (machinist), Thomas Wilfred Hodgins (plumber) and Mary Hodgins (home duties).

    The death of Bertie George Hinton, son of WILLIAM THOMAS and MARY JANE, was registered at Wallsend in 1941. The death of Emily Elizabeth Hinton, daughter of THOMAS HECTOR and JANE, was registered at Wallsend in 1960..
    Possibly Related Families:

    None known.

    Related Families from the same areas:

    None known.

    Other (probably unrelated) Cross or Jackson Lineages:
    None known.

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    This Page was Last Updated on 17 January 2016